James MacKenzie is the sole and founding member of MacKenzie Ecological & Development Services CC, and has been a freelance ecologist since 2003 specialising in the assessments and management of wetlands and riparian zones throughout southern Africa. He completed his BSc Hons in 1993 (cum laude), started his MSc the next year and converted this into a PhD on the regeneration of riparian vegetation along the rivers within Kruger National Park. After 8 years of study the PhD was put into abeyance and has unfortunately not been completed. James has 18 years of experience in riparian and wetland specialist work including vegetation surveys, assessment of present ecological status, wetland and riparian zone delineation, wetland offset calculations and strategies, determination of Environmental Flow Requirements, assessment of Ecological Importance and Sensitivity, assessment of Habitat Integrity, the development of monitoring protocols and programmes, the development and definition of management goals for Strategic Adaptive Management (SAM) (Ecological Specifications and Thresholds of Probable Concern), the development of VEGRAI (Riparian Vegetation Response Assessment Index), and presentation of VEGRAI training in many fora, and vast participation in EIA’s with focus on the riparian and / or wetland component of specialist aquatic surveys. The geographical span of his work includes the following countries / regions: South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland, Namibia. Botswana, Mozambique, Malawi, Zambia, Kenya, Tanzania, Inner Niger Delta (mostly Mali), Mekong (including Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia), and the Nile River Basin (10 African countries).
Education: MSc, BScBack